Each plastic products production and processing enterprises. Especially in color printing plastic composite packaging film production consisting mainly of plastic manufacturers, each senior technical management personnel, must be very aware of my enterprise product raw material, processing technology, extrusion equipment performance, quality control, productivity, production cost some important factors such as reduced.
One, a full understanding ofPlastic Extruder screw design requirements
Each of the extrusion composite film manufacturers, in the use of their own extruder, first of all need to be fully aware of all the important related to the number of screw. We know that the screw extruder design is very important ( such as Twin Screw Extruder, screw rod extruder ), even if the purchase of a new screw, also be sure to buy one extruder screw design, conforms to the shape you want, function, material and the high speed operation of the screw. For example, only need to purchase a used for extrusion coating extrusion PE screw. You should know its material, heat treatment, thread and trend and screw must complete some functions, such as adding resin, continuous, uniform solution resin, stable liquid injected into homogeneous mixing resin and working cycle, the amount of material, material geometry, geometry and screw back pressure. There must be a group of display using the screw functions of various data and parameters. Because, in the computer world, simulation technique is easy and should be available to all screw were simulated, unless they got for the actual situation of the same material related data.
Because each root screw wear and screw design problems. One is worn screw is not necessarily a good screw, sometimes wear even for cylinder mixture advantageous, or in the pressure peak to increase production, to determine the location and cause of wear is advantageous. However, the actual needs is shown to wear in trouble, which for a given input interface, may mean a higher melt temperature. At the same time, we must master the screw design development, because at present by extrusion manufacturers the most popular is the universal screw, this to each manufacturer in the production of several raw materials, can be used.
In two, operation stability
For plastic manufacturers of conventional extruder. Usually will use the following problems: 1, improper control of technical conditions, as well as the motor load fluctuation will cause the extrusion temperature and pressure fluctuation, the effects of extrusion product quality. 2, with the increase of extrusion pressure, reverse flow and leakage flow will increase, making the whole extrusion flow rate decreased, while the screw pushing material, the power consumption is large, the shearing force on material is large, and energy consumption will increase. In 3, polymer blending modification, in order to make the extrudate has both temperature and pressure distribution, inevitable demand increases measuring length, but this will increase the screw processing difficulty and cost, and the residence time of material growth, is not conducive to the heat-sensitive materials processing.
In three, terminal pressure of screw elements
The end of screw in extruding pressure is very important, this pressure reflects the downstream portion of the screw all objects in the resistance, the filtering net and the adapter duct, and mold their own. It not only depends on the geometry of these components, but also dependent on the system ‘s temperature, which in turn affects the viscosity of the resin and the moving speed. Although it is not dependent on the screw design, but it affects temperature viscosity and throughput except when. On the security elements, each extruder temperature measurement is very important, if it is too high, die and mold may burst injury to the operator and the extruder. But the pressure on the machine barrel mixing is beneficial, especially in the measurement of screw. But too much pressure on the mean motor to output power, which caused the resin melt temperature is too high, but can be prescribed limit of pressure.
Four, die plastic melt residence time
All of the extruded plastic, they are extruded melt at the head, at the head of the residence time is plastic the die design is an important content in. In the process of extruding plastic material flow, residence time should be controlled in the relaxation time and thermal stability time, dwell time is too short, the die head expansion is relatively large, squeeze the products will have a greater residual stress, if too long, then the material will be heated and heat degradation effect for Sheet Production Line of products quality.
In five, the main motor and the cylinder is connected with the extruding relationship
All of the extruder, the main motor and the cylinder are opposites, and barrel machine and main motor are also in opposition. Why machine cylinder control effect, is not always as expected. Especially the temperature measurement area. If the machine heat cylinder, cylinder wall material layer viscosity decreases. The main motor in the more smooth barrel runtime needs less power. When the current to the motor decreases, conversely, if the cylinder barrel wall cooling, the melt viscosity increase, motor must be more force to rotate, then the current also increases.
At this moment, through the barrel to remove some of the heat is the main motor to. Usually feed simplified regulator on melt effect, this is what we expect. But any local effects are not local variables, then the best way is through the measurement of melt temperature to really understand the situation, in order to better take countermeasures.